Midweek Mashup – Leeds United, 2017


A bang-up-to-date example in the latest addition to this series, the rest of which you can peruse here.

At the beginning of this season, Leeds United launched a lovely blue away kit with yellow trim, with the yellow 2015-16 kit being demoted to third choice – essentially, their selections mirror those of the 1992-93 season, excellently outlined here.

It just so happened that the fixture-list came up with Queens Park Rangers away as Leeds’ first opponents, however, and so the yellow was worn in a 3-0 loss. The next outing for the third kit came in December – Sheffield Wednesday’s all-blue kit meant Leeds could wear white at Hillsborough in August – and again it was in a losing cause, 2-0 at Brighton & Hove Albion.

Now, despite the fact that Leeds had lost six other games between the QPR and Brighton games, it appears that manager Garry Monk (or perhaps owner Massimo Cellino, but purple seems to be his fear) decided that the all-yellow look had Jonah-like qualities. Last week, we mentioned Bayern Munich’s ‘Brazil’ kit from 1983 and how its sky-blue shorts were occasionally worn as a lucky charm after that, and similarly Leeds have zoned in on the yellow shorts as being shamanistic.

At the beginning of February, consecutive away games at Blackburn Rovers and Huddersfield Town saw Leeds pair the yellow shirts and socks with the blue shorts. It’s a great look and it harked back to some nice outfits from the past.

The mixing and matching is also something of a Leeds tradition. While it might have created oddish looks in the 1970s, Leeds’ 1993-95 kits were brilliantly cohesive, allowing for plenty of pleasing combinations – six of a possible eight were worn.

Which brings us to last Saturday, and Leeds’ visit to Portman Road to take on Ipswich Town. The Tractor Boys have white sleeves and the Football League (don’t make us call it the EFL) don’t tend to allow sleeve-clashes, so the home shirt couldn’t be used.

The blue away was obviously out and, in normal circumstances, all-yellow would have been ideal. The yellow shirts/blue shorts look would have sufficed in other years, but Ipswich have blue shorts this year and so that too was removed as an option, as shorts-clashes are not permitted. And so, the decision was taken to wear the home shorts and socks. To be fair, it does almost tie up, but the shorts trim is gold rather than yellow.


We haven’t been able to check fully, but we presume it’s the first time that they have appeared in such an arrangement – after all, any previous similar mix-and-match efforts would have been due to an opponent wearing white shirts and yellow shorts, and few teams do that.

Edit: Prior to switching to all-white, Leeds’ home colours were various combinations of blue and yellow and there were occasions when yellow shirts and white shorts were used. Thanks to Sean McAuley for pointing this out.

The reaction on Saturday wasn’t the most positive:

Leeds did at least avoid the defeat that the yellow shorts would surely have brought, with the game finishing 1-1. Looking at their remaining fixtures, the trips to Reading in April and Wigan Athletic in May could lead to further outings for this unconventional look, especially as Wigan have white socks. We shall be following with interest.







Midweek Mashup – Swindon Town, 1993


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Two Swindon Town fans were discussing the club’s sole season in the Premier League (or FA Carling Premiership, as it had just been rebranded), 1993-94.

The Robins finished bottom of the table, ten points behind 21st-placed Oldham Athletic and 13 off safety, conceding 100 goals in their 42 games. There wasn’t too much that was memorable, save perhaps for a 2-2 draw with Manchester United, which saw Eric Cantona receive the first of two red cards in four days for attempting to pierce John Moncur’s chest.

When Supporter A [names are changed to protect identities] mentioned that he had been at the 0-0 draw with West Ham United at Upton Park on September 11, 1993, Supporter B sensed bullshit, but he had the perfect question for his colleague, who is something of a kit-nerd:

What did we wear?

The answer from Supporter A was that he couldn’t remember, thus giving himself away.

In gaining promotion from Division 1 via the play-offs in 1992-93, Swindon had worn a green geometric-patterned away shirt with navy shorts (that site is a great resource, by the way) but that was replaced with a Brazil-esque strip – yellow and green shirt, light blue shorts and white socks.

The manufacturer was Loki, who had previously produced kits for the club under the ‘Diamond Leisure’ brand, and were also responsible for Tranmere Rovers’ ‘Rover Sport’ offerings (compare the Birkenhead club’s shirt to Swindon’s goalkeeper top). There is a company called Loki selling exercise equipment, but we’re not sure if it’s the same one

It was the white socks which proved troublesome in the very first game of the season, a 3-1 loss at Sheffield United, who wore white shorts and socks. With no alternative sets, Swindon ended up wearing the Blades’ navy away socks, though the jade tops almost matched the Robins’ shorts.

With West Ham also in white shorts and socks, something would have to be done, and Swindon came up with a make-do-and-mend solution.

The red home socks were chosen, but, clearly feeling that yellow-sky blue-red would look bad, they decided to switch shorts too, looking slightly like Watford from a distance.

While a 0-0 draw gave them their second point of the season, they didn’t put that down to the combo being lucky and returned to looking – if not playing – like Brazil on their travels. Eventually, a blue set of socks were sourced and worn at Aston Villa and Arsenal.

What’s the Bavarian for ‘o joga bonito’?


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While they won a second of three consecutive European Cups, beating Leeds United in the final, the 1974-75 season was very forgettable for Bayern Munich domestically.

They finished in tenth place in the Bundesliga, beginning the season with a 6-0 loss to Kickers Offenbach and suffering defeat on 12 more occasions. One of the few away games they won was at Kaiserlautern on May 3, but the next seven seasons would see five losses and two draws at the Betzenbergstadion (now Fritz-Walter-Stadion).

So bad was the situation that, after the 2-0 loss there in 1982-83, Bayern legend Paul Breitner said that they “might as well just send the points there” rather than fulfilling an unfulfilling fixture. However, Udo Lattek – who returned as coach at the start of 83-84, having been sacked in 74-75 – had a different idea.

Bayern normally wore white shirts and socks with red shorts at ‘Lautern, but, in consultation with general manager and kit suppliers adidas, Lattek reckoned that if Bayern could look like Brazil, a similar performance might follow.


One area where the new look differed from the classic Brazil look was the very dark shade of green. The new kit was kept secret to such an extent that it wasn’t revealed until Bayern walked out on the field – they didn’t even warm up in it. The odd thing, though, was that, instead of the usual red, Kaiserlautern played in green, so theoretically, Bayern could have worn red.


Klaus Augenthaler’s goal, coupled with a penalty save by Jean-Marie Pfaff, was sufficient for a 1-0 win. They wouldn’t lose there again until March 1991, but Lattek seemed to have decided that it was the sky-blue socks which were the charm as they often partnered the white shirts for games there later in the 80s.

The ‘Brazil’ look wasn’t seen again, though Bayern would have a yellow, black and green away kit from 1993-96.

Midweek Mashup – Wales national rugby team, 1994


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Rugby football isn’t as strict on kit-clashes as its association cousin, and sometimes one team changing to an alternative doesn’t even do all much to aid differentiation.

There have been a couple of notable instances of teams changing kit elements, however, and as the Six Nations Championship began last weekend, we will look at one of those for the latest in this series.

In the final round of the 1993 Five Nations (as it was before Italy’s addition), Wales lost 26-10 to champions France in Paris, a result which left them with the wooden spoon. Despite the 16-point loss, Wales team manager Rob Norster reckoned that some questionable penalty calls had gone against his side.

Having begun the 1994 competition with wins against Scotland and Ireland, a third victory over the French would leave Wales in a great position to win the championship, and so nothing would be left to chance. To that end, Wales donned the green socks which had been worn, along with green jerseys, against Japan the previous autumn – avoiding a clash with the French red socks, which Norster felt was at the root of the penalties going France’s way in Paris.


Kit manufacturers Cotton Traders had added white and green sleeve hoops to the kit for the first time that year, with a stylised Dragon on the right, and the green socks were able to tie in with the collar, cuffs and shorts trim. “It had cost us a couple of penalties in Paris the previous year and we wanted to ensure a greater distinction between the two teams,” Norster said.

Wales won 24-15 and though England would deny them the grand slam in the final game, they still won the championship. Of course, they may well have triumphed anyway, but 21-year-old number 8 Scott Quinnell’s first try for his country, with the game tied at 3-3, was proof of the foresight behind the switch to green socks.

Fittingly, they socks are mentioned at the start of the clip, before Quinnell wins possession from the lineout and charges through. Watch the replay from behind the dead-ball line and you’ll see Irish touch-judge Dave McHugh raise his flag – he saw red socks go over the line and momentarily assumed that they belonged to a Welsh player.

Tottenham Hotspur: the Hummel years



  • Thanks to Andrew Rockall for his input in informing us of some lesser-known variations and goalkeeper kits

This is a part of an occasional series where we look at a club’s spell with a particular manufacturer. At present, the others are Arsenal: the adidas years and Barcelona: the Kappa years.

Tottenham Hotspur’s six-year kit deal with Hummel from 1985 to 1991 was notable for a few reasons, most notably the fact that the club and the manufacturer’s UK arm effectively went into business together, as part of Spurs owner Irving Scholar’s diversification plans. Full details are sketch – a forthcoming book on the history of the Spurs shirt will reveal more – but this piece outlines some of what went on.

Of course, this is Museum of Jerseys rather than Museum of Business Deals, so we are focused on the aesthetics. Spurs wore three different home shirts and, barring shadow patterns, each only featured white and navy, two colours more than capable of complementing each other without the need for a third. The German firm (no, not Danish) used trim elegantly and sparingly, compared with later efforts and thankfully, they felt that dicking around with the sleeves wasn’t necessary.

What was a big departure with the new home kit, however, was the fact that the shorts were white, a look Spurs generally only favoured when playing in European competitions. Our friend Jay from Design Football has a fairly sound theory that changing a noticeable element of a kit in such a way is okay if the overall proportions of the strip stay the same, i.e. if the missing colour is reinserted elsewhere. While that didn’t happen, there certainly was more navy on the shirt, in a very dynamic pattern which utilised Hummel’s famous chevron motif.


This was the kit that Diego Maradona would wear in Ossie Ardiles’ testimonial in 1986, and when Arsenal visited White Hart Lane they wore their yellow away kit due to fears of a clash because of the amount of white on show.

The away copied previous makers Le Coq Sportif’s use of light blue, and diagonal stripes again abounded.


With no navy shorts or socks to wear when clashes arose with the home kit, Spurs instead mixed and matched the white and sky-blue.

At Manchester City in August 1985, the white-blue-white look – a reverse of City’s – and the sunny weather coupled to cause such confusion that the hosts actually left the field soon after kick-off and returned in their red and black away shirts and shorts with the home socks. The blue socks were called into action with the home kit for the trip to Southampton.

Goalkeepers Ray Clemence and Pat Jennings were given plain shirts with subtle shadow stripes, very similar to the Le Coq offerings.

In the summer of ’86, a new third kit was introduced, the first time that such a strip had been marketed by the club, presumably keen to maximise sales and profits from the Hummel tie-in.

Despite the fact that Spurs (and Arsenal) had had to switch from navy to yellow away shirts in the late 60s as the Football League deemed them too close to the black of the referees’, the new shirt was a dark blue version of the away. Small differences were the absence of the chevrons from the sleeve and white contrast collar and cuffs with a navy stripe.


There was a change on the goalkeeping front, too, with a style matching the outfield shirt used.


The third shorts and socks were used when required in away games with the white shirt, and also in three home games with Arsenal in 86-87 – the 100th North London derby in January, the League Cup semi-final second leg and then the replay after the sides finished 2-2 on aggregate.

The white-navy-navy look was used away to West Ham United.

The navy shorts would return as first-choice on the second Hummel home kit, but its first outing was in the all-white format against Coventry City in the FA Cup final at Wembley in May 1987.

On first glance, it was a very plain white shirt, but there was a pleasing herringbone fabric pattern, while the Hummel sleeve tape was also present, albeit white-0n-white. Due to a snafu, however, half of the Tottenham players played in shirts without the logo of sponsors Holsten.

Come the start of the 87-88 season, the navy shorts were back in situ, and they were present too on the navy strip, which was upgraded from third to second choice. It also received new socks to match the home set.

Mixing and matching again occurred with the home kit and we assumed that it would have been the same with the away (white shorts with the navy at Luton, for example). However, as Richard Totis points out in the comments at the bottom, the sky blue was soon reinstated to second-choice kit – the navy must have been too troublesome for officials.



Though the home style had changed, the pattern remained on the goalkeeper shirts, albeit without the contrasting raglan sleeves.

The home kit would undergo a tiny change in the summer of 1988 as the Holsten logo was updated. It would also fear on another goalkeeper variation:

There was also a brand-new away kit for 1988-89, and it was to last three seasons, until the end of the Spurs-Hummel association. In the classic yellow, it had the newest iteration of the chevrons, larger but fewer, low on the sleeve, with black navy [see comments] the chosen trim colour.

The ‘Hummel’ wordmark was repeated through the fabric, with every second line upside-down – this also featured on Aston Villa’s new kits. Also of note was the fact that the crest on the shirt and socks (oddly, not the shorts) was rendered in colour.


A year later, the new home kit would take some of its cues from the away – ‘THFC’ now featured in the fabric as well as ‘Hummel’ – while also representing a gradual evolution from its predecessor. Real Madrid were wearing something very similar at the time, too.


The new goalkeeper shirts featured a totally new style, one which could have gone atrociously wrong but carried just enough subtlety to work, in our view. The low placing on the logos on some green versions was questionable, however.

With Everton and Chelsea both still in blue socks and Arsenal nearly a decade away from switching away from red, there was no call for a dark pair to be worn with the home kit. Against Wimbledon and Chelsea, though, white shorts were used, and Gary Lineker wore the long-sleeved home shirt (featuring extra chevrons) as he scored the winner at Stamford Bridge in January 1990, representing Spurs’ last league win there.


In 1990-91, Spurs would reach the FA Cup final – Paul Gascoigne’s wonderful free kick in the FA Cup semi-final win over Arsenal at Wembley remains the iconic moment for that kit, we feel.

However, for the final against Nottingham Forest, a new Umbro kit – with noticeably longer shorts – was worn, denying Hummel a fitting swansong. Since 2000, the brand has only been seen in the Premier League on Aston Villa, while Barnet in 2007-08 was the company’s last English contract.

Hummel has rightfully reunited with the Denmark national team, though, so hopefully this can be the springboard for a return to wider prominence. Spurs will switch from Under Armour to Nike in the summer of 2017, but we’d love to see the chevrons at White Hart Lane again in the future.

Midweek Mashup – Chelsea, 1970



Most of our other Midweek Mashup examples to date have featured home shirts mixed with alternative shorts and/or socks, but this week is the opposite of that – a home shirt altered so as to tie in with the away shorts and socks.

In 1970, Chelsea reached the FA Cup for the second time in four attempts. The 1967 decider, against Tottenham Hotspur, had seen them wear blue socks as their North London opponents went for an all-white look and their opponents in ’70, Leeds United, also caused a socks-clash. At Elland Road earlier that season, Chelsea had been in all-blue.

As it happened, Chelsea won the toss and Leeds wore the red socks from their away kit at Wembley on April 11, as they would against Celtic in their European Cup semi-final second leg four days later. A 2-2 draw after extra time meant a replay at Old Trafford on Wednesday, April 29, meaning it was Chelsea’s turn to switch socks.

Perhaps there was an aversion to the blue socks after the 1967 final, but whatever the reason was, they opted to wear the yellow socks which were part of their change strip. So that this wouldn’t jar, the away shorts (blue with a yellow stripe and numbers, compared with white trim on the home) were also worn, and a unique set of home shirts were made – with the white crest and numbers in matching yellow too.


While Chelsea’s shirts in the drawn game featured a ‘Wembley 1970’ inscription, a plain crest was used for the second match (the club’s online store sells the white-trimmed shirt but not replay one). Leeds either used the same set of shirts or had an identical set made before discovering the replay venue, as their shirts in both games mentioned Wembley.

After Mick Jones put Leeds ahead, Peter Osgood equalised to send the replay to extra time and then defender David Webb scored the winner to give the club its first cup win. A year later, the yellow socks would again be seen as Real Madrid were beaten in the European Cup Winners’ Cup final. However, they would lose their mystical powers in 1972 as Chelsea lost to Stoke City in the League Cup final.

From 1985-1992, Chelsea would revert to blue socks as first choice with the home kit, but they have had white since the beginning of the Premier League. Nowadays, blue is always worn when a change is needed but, in the mid-90s, the away pairs were used. It meant the blue-blue-yellow look was occasionally seen at Elland Road or Highbury, while the red socks from the 1992-94 away strip made for a very un-Chelsea look when paired with the home shirts and shorts.

The great kit-clash poll

In the wake of last week’s piece on bad colour-clashes, our friend Simon Treanor was in touch, suggesting a canvassing of opinion on whether particular match-ups were clashes or not. It’s something we have written about before for John Devlin’s site, but obviously a better assessment can be made with a wider range of input.

So, look at the pictures/videos and then give your opinion in the poll immediately below. Results will be revealed in a post next week, but feel free to comment at the bottom.


Fantay Kit Friday, 27-1-17


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We suppose it’s a measure of the popularity of our #fantasykitfriday feature that there is quite a backlog of requests to get through.

Rest assured that any genuine requests will eventually be seen to, and today it’s the turn of Jim McGrath to have his virtually realised, it that’s not an oxymoron:

It’s not a template we’ve done before, but it was certainly one worth doing.

The Netherlands wore orange shorts in the Euro 88 final, and we feel that that configuration helped the kit to further establish itself in the public consciousness, so that’s why we went with green short, with those and the orange shirt trim differentiating this from the 1988-91 West Germany away, though the shade is also different.Ireland NEtherlands.png

Midweek Mashup – Turkey, Euro 2016



After Arsenal in navy shorts last week, another modern example of a team forced to switch up their kit with other elements. This time it’s a two-for-one, as we look at Turkey’s amendments to their away kit at Euro 2016.

At Euro 2008, one group featured four teams with red kits and this time round Group D was similar, with Spain, Croatia, Czech Republic and Turkey all drawn together, meaning that every game was a colour-clash.

Turkey’s first game was against Croatia, and they wore their red and black home kit, which featured diamonds reducing in size down the shirt, giving a fade effect. Their opponents played in their attractive two-tone blue checked shirts, which they would use for all three group games (having impressed in reaching the knockout stages, they would then lose to Portugal while wearing their home).

Incidentally, blue against red would seem to go against UEFA’s own clashing rules, but the last two finals have seen such a match-up, with no problems.

Turkey lost that game 1-0, making their next outing against Spain very important. As the away team, Turkey had to change to their away shirts, in the same style as the home but in white and turquoise (the name of the mineral comes from French, so christened as it was first brought to Europe from Turkey).

However, the turquoise shorts were deemed to clash with Spain’s blue pairs, so the black home set was used in a 3-0 loss, which eliminated Turkey.

At first glance, it might appear that the socks are also non-native, but they were in fact the proper away socks, Turkey – like so many others – suffering from Nike’s desire to mismatch socks with their Vapor template. Given that the away strip was designed to be worn against teams who play in red, having that colour so prominent wasn’t hugely clever from a clashing point of view.turkey-nike-euro-2016-away-kit-alternate-shorts-spain

Of course, it wasn’t hugely clever from a practical point of view, either – most teams in red shirts also have red socks, with Spain being a rare exception.

Turkey’s final game was against the Czech Republic, who used to wear white shorts and blue socks but were in all-red for the European Championship. It meant another alteration to the away kit, with the home black socks used this time as a 2-0 win at least meant that bottom place in the group was avoided.


The strangest thing about the used of the black socks with the away kit, however, was that Turkey had a bespoke white alternative set, worn in pre-Euro 2016 friendlies against Austria and Montenegro.

Did they think that they were only allowed to bring two sets of shirts, two sets of shorts and two sets of socks? They were mistaken if so, as Albania wore three shirts, Belgium three different shorts styles and Portugal three types of socks.

They haven’t had to wear the away kit yet in their 2018 World Cup qualifiers, but, incidentally, when they met Croatia in their first game, both countries were allowed to wear their home kits.

The worst colour-clashes across football, rugby, Aussie Rules and Gaelic games


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It wasn’t a great weekend if you’re the kind of person who likes competing teams to wear distinguishable kits. On Saturday, we had this…

…and then on Sunday, in Gaelic football’s McGrath Cup, the first half between Limerick and Kerry caused such confusion that Kerry changed at half-time.

It got us in mind of some of the worst clashes* we have seen, across various sports. One would think in the modern era, with nearly every top football club having three kits, that clashes would be a thing of the past, but you’d be wrong.

In 2005-06, Blackburn Rovers somehow forgot to bring their away kit with them to White Hart Lane for their Premier League game against Tottenham Hotspur, whose kit had more navy on it than in almost another other season. Spurs had changed at home to Blackburn at the end of the 2002-03 season when showcasing their 2003-04 away, but that didn’t happen here and the game was allowed to proceed with both in home strips.

Spurs haven’t been blameless when the away team, either – in 2012-13, their home was all-white and away all-navy, with a silver and black halved third outfit a questionable choice. Their trip to face West Bromwich Albion could certainly have been better dealt with, though there have been worse clashes.


West Brom also proved troublesome for Newcastle United on the final day of 2002-03, though of course the blame lies with the Toon for having a cream and navy away when their home is black and white stripes.

Three years previously, Newcastle had a white away, which obviously couldn’t be worn away to Tranmere in the FA Cup. Switching to white shorts to avoid a shorts clash arguably made the overall look even worse, however.

While Arsenal generally change when away to teams with white shirts, there are times when teams visiting them will have white. Why Charlton Athletic were allowed to have white jerseys and red shorts at Highbury in 2000 is anybody’s guess.

Later that same season, Arsenal wore a new navy third shirt at home to Sparta Prague in the Champions League. While the Czech side’s shirt is dark red and a very different colour to the navy up close, from a distance there was what we might term a ‘shade clash’, so much so that Arsenal switched to their yellow away shirts for the second half.


At international level, last spring saw Belgium and Portugal both change for a friendly, with poor results.

Going further back, at the 1970 World Cup in Mexico, Czechoslovakia opted for white as their first-choice colours, so England had to change when meeting them. Their sky-blue alternative kit was troublesome for viewers on black-and-white televisions though, and so for the game against Germany in the knockout stages, England reverted to red.

Strictly speaking, the meeting of Scotland and New Zealand in the 2007 Rugby World Cup dealt with a clash as the All Blacks changed to grey jerseys, still with considerable black panelling. Combined with Scotland’s shirt in the newest Canterbury template, featuring a lot of lighter embellishments, it was far from ideal.

This was the 2011 Australian Rules Football grand final, between Collingwood (black and white stripes) and Geelong (navy and white hoops). In the AFL, the home team wears dark shorts and the away team white shorts and that helped here, as did Collingwood having black backs and Geelong white backs. In a fast-moving game, however, confusion was a strong possibility.

And finally, Gaelic games. As seen at the very top, clashes remain a constant problem, so here are just a select few examples.

Armagh (orange) v Cork (red), All-Ireland U21 football semi-final, 2007:


Donegal (gold and green) v Kerry (green and gold), National Football League, 2007:


Wexford (purple and gold) v Clare (saffron and blue), National Hurling League, 2006:


Sixmilebridge (gold and blue) v Clonlara (gold and black), Clare Senior Hurling Championship final, 2015:


Kilmoyley (green, gold chevron) v Lixnaw (green, gold hoop), Kerry Senior Hurling Championship, 2002:lixnawkilmoyley

* Of course, we say ‘colour-clash’, but…